Before proceeding with the choice of floors, you need to understand what kind of load in your apartment will experience this or that coverage. The whole apartment can be divided into three zones. The entrance hall and the kitchen are areas of high traffic, the living room is medium, and the bedroom is low.
Do not forget about the presence of pets. If you own a large breed dog, then a high-pile carpet will most likely not live long, and a high-quality laminate can easily withstand such a load. If there is a cat at home, the carpet with a soft pile and cork cover are at risk. Remember that dirt is less visible on dark floors than on light floors, and the inhomogeneous colors well mask individual spots.
This is a simplified version of piece parquet, but do not confuse the board with an array of wood. The layer of declared wood in the parquet board does not exceed 5 mm, the rest is a layer of spruce species.
Pros: • Warm natural material. • Relatively simple styling (with certain skills you can assemble yourself).
Minuses: • Not resistant to mechanical damage (heels, furniture castors
may leave scratches.) • Requires special care products. • Reacts to humidity. • Dreads of water. • An even foundation is required for laying parquet (floor curvature should not exceed 2 mm per 1 m2). • Noisy when walking on heels or whatever sprinkle (compensated by cork substrate).
Common mistakes when choosing • When calculating, always lay a margin of at least 10%, depending on the number of rooms and installation methods • Underfloor heating is not recommended under the parquet board. If such a need still exists, then you can use the "water" warm floor. Parquet board is not designed for use in rooms with high traffic.
LinoleumIn its characteristics, it is similar to a laminate. There are also three classes of linoleum - household, semi-commercial and commercial. When choosing this floor covering, two main factors must be considered: thickness and protective layer. For example, in rooms with high traffic it is better to use thin linoleum with a large protective layer.
Pros: • Absolutely not afraid of water • Easy to install - no special knowledge or skills required • Easy to wash.
Minuses: • Over time, it takes on the relief of the floor - all irregularities become visible. • It is afraid of high temperatures.
LaminateThere are classes 31, 32 and 33, where the 31st is the smallest. Depending on the class, the laminate can be used everywhere in the house.
Pros: • Small thickness - from 6 to 12 mm (very important for low ceilings) • One of the most durable coatings, inert to kitchen chemicals, does not fade in the sun • Laminate classes 32, 33 withstands high temperatures (temperature of a burning cigarette) and calmly survive the walk in heels.
Minuses: • A flat foundation is required for installation (floor curvature should not exceed 2 mm per 1 m2). • Afraid of prolonged contact with water. • Noisy.
TileThe oldest of all existing flooring. It is environmentally friendly, durable and can be used throughout the apartment. By purpose, the tile is divided into two categories - wall and floor. Floor, in turn, into classes: 3, 4 and the most durable 5 - granite, as the name implies, all its indicators are as close as possible to natural stone. Its only minus is the uniformity of the picture (small crumbs).
Pros: • Environmental friendliness. • Durability. • Durability.
Minuses: • The tile is difficult to lay - certain skills and knowledge are required. • Cold material (compensated by a warm floor).
CarpetUnpretentious in laying, but the most difficult to maintain flooring. When buying a carpet, you should know that this is a kind of “apartment filter”, and the filter must be cleaned. Like any floor covering, the carpet is divided into permeability classes (loads), which can be divided into 3 groups: a hard small pile (commerce), a large pile (bedroom) and a medium pile (living room). In rooms with high traffic it is not necessary to use a carpet with a high pile.
Pros: • It does not require preparation of the base • Easy to lay - no special knowledge and skills are needed.
Minuses: • Requires constant care.
1 When laying the laminate, remember that the base must be rigid and even. If you compensate for the unevenness of the substrate in 2-3 layers, the load on the seams will increase significantly and the laminate will disperse.
2 If you intend to buy several pieces of linoleum, pay attention to the direction of the picture. When buying tiles, make sure that all packs are of the same tone and caliber.
3 Categorically exclude the use of a washing vacuum cleaner on the laminate.
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